Hemorrhoids consist of a network of vessels forming a plexus in the mucosa of the lower rectum and anus.

Anal Fissure

It is a painful linear slit (ulcer) of the anal canal that extends from the mucosa to the muscle fibers of the internal sphincter.

Anorectal abscess

It is an infection adjacent to the anus that leads to abscess formation. It is caused by bacteria that colonize the glands surrounding the anus.

Anal Fistula

It is an abnormal track (a fine tube) that develops between the inner lining of the anus and the skin near the anus. It is the result of an untreated abscess.

Pilodial Cyst

It is a chronic inflammation of the skin at the level of the coccyx (tailbone).It is caused by loose hairs that penetrate the skin, enlargement of the hair follicles and colonization by bacteria.