Appendicitis is one of the most common emergency procedures. Until recently, it was performed with an open incision of about 5 cm long on the right flank. This procedure can also be performed laparoscopically through 3 very small holes.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most widespread laparoscopic surgery in general surgery. It is performed through 4 small holes in the abdomen from which the endoscopic camera and special tools are inserted into the abdominal cavity.
Until recently, surgical interventions involving the large intestine for either benign (diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, polyposis) or malignant (colorectal cancer) conditions were performed through a large incision in the abdomen.
The inguinal hernia, (as it has already been mentioned in the chapter of the diseases), is a defect of the abdominal wall which, as times goes by, increases in dimensions resulting in abnormal exit of tissue or organs from the abdominal cavity.
As it has already been mentioned in another section, hiatal hernia is the condition in which part of the stomach slides within the chest.
Hernia is called an opening in the muscles of the abdominal wall. The second most common hernias (after the inguinal) are the umbilical and the incisional ones. Until recently, their correction was only been performed with an open surgery.