Until recently, surgical interventions involving the large intestine for either benign (diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, polyposis) or malignant (colorectal cancer) conditions were performed through a large incision in the abdomen.
With the development of laparoscopic surgery the same procedures are now performed with 4 or 5 holes, through which a High Definition Laparoscopic Camera and special laparoscopic instruments are introduced into the abdominal cavity.
Because of the image magnification and its high resolution, the surgeon can accurately follow the correct anatomical plane so as to perform the ligation of the vessels at their origin and to remove all the necessary lymph nodes, as well as the affected part of the colon. The specimen extraction is delivered by enlarging one of the existing holes.
With the aid of the laparoscopic technique, blood loss is minimal; the hospitalization time is reduced as well as possible post-operative complications (e.g. wound infections). The pain is lesser and can be managed with simple pain-relieving medication. The patient’s recovery and returning to his daily activities are achieved quicker.