Hernia is called an opening in the muscles of the abdominal wall. The second most common hernias (after the inguinal) are the umbilical and the incisional ones. Until recently, their correction was only been performed with an open surgery. This resulted in very large incisions in the skin, increased post-operative pain, long-term hospitalization, need of drainage under certain circumstances, etc. The recovery could reach or exceed the one month period.
Today with the aid of laparoscopic surgery, the repair of these cases can usually been done through 3 small holes, regardless of the size of the hernia.
The specially trained surgeon, uses an endoscopic camera and specialized tools to posit the viscera and hernia sac into the abdominal cavity and strengthens the weak area with a special mesh which covers the inner surface of the abdomen. The laparoscopic method is preferred in patients with recurrent hernias, since laparoscopic hernia repair has stronger advantages.
The advantages of the endoscopic method are:
- 3 small holes in contrast to a large incision for the open method
- Less postoperative pain
- Decreased need of painkillers
- Better aesthetic result
- Better adherence of the mesh as the intra-abdominal pressure pushes it outward hence helping the mesh to anchor to the abdominal wall