Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most widespread laparoscopic surgery in general surgery.
It is performed through 4 small holes in the abdomen from which the endoscopic camera and special tools are inserted into the abdominal cavity.
The aim of this procedure is to detach the gallbladder from the lower surface of the liver, once the gallblader’s duct and vessels are ligated.
The specimen is usually extracted from the abdomen through the umbilical site.
The patient still has a normal life postoperatively, as the liver continues to produce the bile for the food digestion.
Advantages of laparoscopic cholecystectomy are:
- Smaller incisions
- Better aesthetic result
- Less hospitalization (usually one night)
- Less postoperative pain as the muscles of the abdomen are not cut
- Quicker return to normal activities, usually in 2 to 3 days.